When water contains a higher concentration of minerals, particularly calcium and magnesium, it is considered hard. Although it doesn’t have any health risk, hard water might be a problem for your home. For example, soap is harder to dissolve, pipes could corrode, and dishes might have some spots.
Generally, hard water can cause malfunctions on the plumbing system and every water-using device. The solution to this problem is a system that can remove minerals from water and adapt it from hard into soft. That system is called a Water Softener.
Water Softener Systems
The water softener is a filter, that during the process that is called “regeneration” removes calcium and magnesium in hard water. The system has three main components: a mineral tank, brine tank, and a control valve.
There are quite a few different water softener systems on the market today. If you are considering buying and installing such a water filtration system – you should check out this buyer’s guide by Secure Waters. It offers a comprehensive list and reviews of the most popular home water softener systems.
Mineral tank is a part where water is dissolved with plastic beads. These plastic beads pull calcium and magnesium from the water with its negative charge.
The brine tank is made of plastic. It is filled with water saturated with salt, that mixture is called brine. An alternative to salt could be sodium or potassium. Potassium is considered as best choice because it does not affect your health or the environment.
The control valve is operating the whole system. Modern valves are mostly digitalized, an older one has timers. The main function of the control valve is to start the new regeneration process when needed.
How Does Water Softening Work?
As we said, the central process of Water Softener is regeneration. It consists of three cycles: backwash, recharge, and rinse. During backwash, water that is full of hard minerals is flushed to the drain system. Recharge is a method where brine is pumped inside the mineral tank.
With a high concentration of the compound, the process is strong enough to dissolve the water from its minerals. After that, water with them is flushed into the drain. Rinse is a self-repeating process. After dissolving the hard minerals, water with diluted salt is blended with softened water.
What Is the Purpose?
The main purpose of water softening is to increase the lifespan of household machines, like a dishwasher, or laundry machine. The main purpose of water softening is to increase the lifespan of household machines, like a dishwasher, or laundry machine.
Also, hard water can cause problems with pipes and hot boilers. Hard water will slow down the water flow, or cause pipes to clog up. Water with softener will also have a better taste. Changes can also be noticed on skin and hair because hard water can leave traces of minerals on your head, and your skin can feel dry.
The Bottom Line
Water softeners systems are the only barrier between you and hard water damaging your pipes, kitchen appliances, and your skin. So, when choosing the right one for your home, you should choose carefully. Every home needs a particular water softener, and every level of hard water asks for the different softener. Before you acquire one, you should inform yourself well.